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Herald & Review Almanac April 19 | Lifestyle

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Today’s moment of history:

April 19, 1775 battles of Lexington and Concord began the American Revolutionary War.

In 1865, the White House hosted the funeral of President Abraham Lincoln, who had been assassinated five days earlier; then his coffin was taken to the U.S. Capitol for a private memorial service at the Rotunda.

In 1897, the first Boston Marathon was held; winner John J. McDermott ran the distance in two hours 55 minutes and 10 seconds.

In 1912, a special subcommittee of the Senate Trade Committee opened a hearing in New York on the Titanic.

In 1943, during World War II, tens of thousands of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto began a valiant but ultimately futile battle with Nazi forces.

In 1977, the Supreme Court in Ingram v. Wright ruled 5-4 that even the brutal beating of schoolchildren by teachers did not violate the Eighth Amendment’s ban on harsh and unusual punishment.

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In 1989, 47 sailors were killed in a cannon tower explosion aboard the USS Iowa in the Caribbean. (The Navy initially suspected that the dead crew member had deliberately caused the explosion, but later said there was no evidence.)

In 1993, a 51-day siege of the Brunch-Davidian complex near Wake, Texas, ended with a fire destroying the structure after federal agents began to break through; about 80 people were killed, including two dozen children and sect leader David Karash.

In 1995, an explosion in a truck destroyed the federal building of Alfred P. Moore in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people. (Bomber Timothy McVeigh, who prosecutors say planned the attack in retaliation for the siege of Waka two years earlier, was found guilty of federal murder charges and executed in 2001.)

In 2005, Cardinal Josef Ratzinger of Germany was elected Pope at the first conclave of the new millennium; he took the name Benedict XVI.

In 2012, Republicans through the House of Representatives rammed a $ 46 billion tax cut for most American employers in an election year, ignoring the threat of a veto by President Barack Obama. (Such a measure went to defeat in the Senate.) India has announced the successful test launch of a new missile with nuclear capability. Leon Helm, drummer and singer of The Band, has died in New York at the age of 71.

In 2013, Dzhakhar Tsarnaev, a 19-year-old college student who was searched as a result of the Boston Marathon bombings, was taken into custody after a hunt that left the city virtually paralyzed; his older brother and alleged accomplice, 26-year-old Tamerlane, was killed earlier in a fierce attempt to escape from police.

In 2015, Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man, died a week after a spinal cord injury in the back of a Baltimore police van when he was handcuffed and handcuffed. (Six police officers were charged; three were acquitted, and the city’s attorney general eventually dropped the other three cases.)

In 2017, the parent company Fox News Channel fired Bill O’Reilly after investigating allegations of harassment, which stunned the most popular cable news program. A 27-year-old former New England Patriots officer Aaron Hernandez, who was serving a life sentence for murder in 2013, hanged himself in his cell at a high-security prison in Massachusetts five days after he was acquitted on charges of killing two men. in Boston in 2012.

In 2018, Raúl Castro handed over the Cuban presidency to Miguel Mario Diaz-Conel Bermudez, the first non-Castro to hold Cuba’s top public post since the 1959 revolution led by Fidel Castro and his younger brother Raúl.

In 2021, former Vice President Walter Mandale, a liberal icon who served as a Democratic senator from Minnesota and was Vice President Jimmy Carter, before losing one of the most uncontested presidential elections in history to Republican Ronald Reagan in 1984, has died in age. of 93. The District of Columbia ruled that Capitol Police Officer Brian Siknik, who was injured during the January 6 uprising, suffered a stroke and died of natural causes. A NASA experimental Martian helicopter called Ingenuity has ascended to Mars, rising 10 feet into the air above a dusty red surface to make the plane’s first flight to another planet.

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