Today’s moment of history:
On April 23, 2005, the newly created YouTube video-sharing website uploaded its first music video, “I’m at the Zoo,” which featured YouTube co-founder Jowd Karim standing in front of an elephant enclosure at the San Diego Zoo.
In 1616 (old-style calendar) the English poet and playwright William Shakespeare died in Stratford-upon-Avon on what was traditionally considered the 52nd anniversary of his birth in 1564.
In 1898, Spain declared war on the United States, which two days later responded the same.
In 1940, about 200 people died in a fire at the Rhythm nightclub in Natchez, Mississippi.
In 1954, Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves made the first of his 755 home runs in the major leagues in a game against the St. Louis Cardinals. (Brave wins, 7-5.)
In 1969, Sirhan Sirhan was sentenced to death for assassinating Senator Robert F. Kennedy in New York City. (The sentence was later reduced to life imprisonment.)
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In 1971, hundreds of Vietnam War veterans who opposed the conflict protested, throwing their medals and ribbons over a wire fence in front of the U.S. Capitol.
In 1988, a federal ban on smoking during domestic flights lasting two hours or less came into force.
In 1992, McDonald’s opened its first fast food restaurant in the Chinese capital Beijing.
In 1993, Labor leader Cesar Chavez died at the age of 66 in San Luis, Arizona.
In 1998, James Earl Ray, who confessed to assassinating the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and then insisted he was framed, died at Nashville Hospital, Tennessee, at the age of 70.
In 2007, Boris Yeltsin, Russia’s first freely elected president, died in Moscow at the age of 76.
In 2012, singer-songwriter Jennifer Hudson burst into tears while testifying in a Chicago trial of William Balfour, a man accused of killing her mother, brother and 7-year-old nephew in a fit of jealousy in 2008 (Balfour was convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.) The government has reported that social security is rushing even faster to insolvency, and its trust funds are expected to expire in 2033, three years earlier than expected.
In 2017, centrist Emanuel Macron and far-right populist Marine Le Pen ran in the second round of the May presidential election in France (Macron eventually defeated Le Pen).
In 2020, at a White House briefing, President Donald Trump noted that researchers were looking at the effects of disinfectants on the coronavirus, and wondered aloud whether they could be administered to humans.
In 2021, U.S. health officials canceled an 11-day break in vaccination against COVID-19 using a one-time Johnson & Johnson vaccination after scientific advisers decided the benefits outweighed the rare risk of blood clots. Reality TV and Olympic hero Caitlin Jenner has joined a growing list of Republican candidates seeking to oust California Gov. Gavin Newsom, the governor of California, who was likely threatened with a canceled election. (Newsom repulsed recall attempts in September.)