Today’s moment of history:
On April 3, 1973, the first portable phone was shown to reporters on the corner of New York City when Motorola CEO Martin Cooper called Joel S. Engel of Bell Labs.
In 1865, Union troops occupied the capital of the Confederacy of Richmond, Virginia.
In 1882, robber Jesse James was shot dead in St. Joseph, Missouri, by Robert Ford, a member of James’ gang.
In 1936, Bruno Hauptmann was electrocuted in Trenton, New Jersey, for the abduction and murder of Charles Lindbergh Jr.
In 1942, during World War II, Japanese troops launched a final assault on Bataan against American and Philippine troops that surrendered six days later; the surrender was followed by the infamous Bataan Death March.
In 1944, the U.S. Supreme Court in Smith v. Allright overturned a Texas Democratic rule that allowed only white voters to participate in the Democratic primary.
People also read…
In 1948, President Harry S. Truman signed the Marshall Plan to help European allies rebuild after World War II and oppose communism.
In 1968, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his last speech at a rally of striking health workers in Memphis, Tennessee, saying “I was on top of a mountain” and saw the Promised Land. Maybe I won’t get along with you. But I want you to know tonight that we, as a people, will reach the Promised Land! ” (About 20 hours later, King was shot by a killer in the Lorraine motel.)
In 1974, deadly tornadoes began to hit large parts of the south and midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; more than 300 died as a result of what became known as the Super Outbreak.
In 1978, at the Oscars, Woody Allen’s “Annie Hall” was recognized as the best film of 1977; his partner, Diane Keaton, became Best Actress, and Richard Dreyfus was named Best Actor for “Goodbye Girl.”
In 1996, Unabomber Theodor Kaczynski was arrested in his remote cabin in Montana.
In 2012, Mitt Romney tightened control over the Republican presidential candidate by holding primaries in Wisconsin, Maryland and Washington, DC. In a speech to The Associated Press’s annual meeting, President Barack Obama accused Republican leaders of becoming so radical and brutal that even the late Ronald Reagan would not have been able to win the current Republican primaries if he had run in the election. Baylor finished the season undefeated with a 80-61 victory over Notre Dame in the NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship.
In 2014, David Letterman announced during the recording of “Late Show” on CBS that he would step down as host in 2015 (Stephen Colbert (kohl-BEHR ‘) was named his replacement a week later.)
In 2017, a split panel of the Senate Judiciary Committee voted 11-9 along party lines to favorably recommend Supreme Court candidate Neil Gorsach to the full Senate. A suicide bomber killed 16 people and injured more than 50 on a subway train in St. Petersburg, Russia; authorities have identified the terrorist as a 22-year-old Russian citizen, a native of Kyrgyzstan. The NHL has announced it will not participate in the 2018 Winter Olympics in South Korea. North Carolina has scored the last eight points for the 71-65 victory over Hansaga and the NCAA title.
In 2020, President Donald Trump announced new federal guidelines that encourage Americans to wear face masks when in public to help fight the spread of coronavirus, but Trump immediately said he himself does not intend to follow that advice; he said he could not imagine himself closing his face while sitting in the Oval Office welcoming world leaders.
In 2021, Gonzaga won the UCLA 93-90, and Baylor defeated Houston 78-59 to advance to the NCAA Basketball Championship, which Baylor won.