Today’s moment of history:
On March 20, 1996, a jury in Los Angeles found Eric and Lyle Menendez guilty of first-degree murder in the murder of their wealthy parents with a gun. (They were sentenced to life imprisonment without parole.)
In 1413 King Henry IV of England died; he was replaced by Henry V.
In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte returned to Paris after escaping from exile on the Elbe, beginning his reign “One Hundred Days”.
In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s influential novel about slavery, “Uncle Tom’s Hit,” was first published in book form after its release.
In 1854, at the school in Ripon, Wisconsin, opponents of slavery founded the Republican Party of the United States.
In 1922, the decommissioned USS Jupiter, transformed into the first U.S. Navy aircraft carrier, was commissioned as the USS Langley.
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In 1952, the U.S. Senate ratified the 66-10 Security Treaty with Japan.
In 1969, John Lennon married Yoko Ono in Gibraltar.
In 1976, the kidnapped heiress of the newspaper Patricia Hearst was convicted of armed robbery for participating in the seizure of a bank in San Francisco by the Symbion Liberation Army. (Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison; she was released after 22 months and pardoned in 2001 by President Bill Clinton.)
In 1995, 12 people were killed in Tokyo, more than 5,500 fell ill when members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult spilled packages containing deadly chemical sarin into five separate subway trains.
In 2012, leader Mitt Romney easily won the Illinois Republican primaries, beating Rick Santorma in his third straight win in a major state. Army linebacker Andrew Rodriguez received the James E. Sullivan Prize, awarded by the Amateur Sports Union to the best amateur athlete in the United States.
In 2014, President Barack Obama ordered economic sanctions against nearly two dozen members of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s inner circle and a major bank that backed them by raising stakes in East and West dismantling around Ukraine.
In 2017, U.S. Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsach promised to be independent or “hang the mantle” when the Senate began hearings to approve President Donald Trump’s conservative election to the country’s top bench. Trump first met at the White House with Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi. David Rockefeller, Rockefeller’s wealth keeper and billionaire philanthropist, died at his home in Pokantica Hills, New York, at the age of 101.
In 2018, in a telephone conversation with Vladimir Putin, President Donald Trump congratulated Putin on his re-election victory; a senior official said Trump had been warned in briefing materials that he should not congratulate Putin.
In 2020, the Illinois governor ordered residents to stay in their homes, except for necessary needs, by joining similar efforts in California and New York to limit the spread of the coronavirus. Shares fell again on Wall Street, ending their worst week since the 2008 financial crisis; The Dow was down more than 900 points, ending the week with a 17% loss.
In 2021, VCU was kicked out of the NCAA tournament shortly before the first round game due to numerous positive tests on COVID-19. Officials have announced that spectators from outside Japan will be banned from the postponed Olympics in Tokyo, which will open in four months; officials said it was too risky to take ticket holders from abroad during the pandemic. Protesters in Germany clashed with police over coronavirus measures; Protests against the government’s efforts to contain the pandemic have also been reported in a number of other European countries.